20cm x 25cm
The giraffe (giraffe) is Africa’s artiodactyl mammal, the world’s highest living animal and the largest predator. Traditionally considered one species, the Giraffa camelopardalis, consisting of nine species. However, the discovery of up to eight species of giraffes has been described, based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA research, and Giraffa estimates. The other seven species are extinct, prehistoric species known as fossils.
The giraffe’s main features are its neck and legs are extremely long, its horn-like ossicones, and its distinctive patterns. It is divided under the family Giraffidae, with its closest relative, the okapi. Its scattered range extends from Chad in the north to South Africa in the south, and from Niger in the west to Somalia in the east. Giraffes often live in savannahs and bushes. Their main source of food is the leaves, fruits, and flowers of weed plants, especially acacia species, which they trace to higher elevations that other vegetation animals cannot reach.
Giraffes can be hunted by lions, leopards, spotted wolves, and African wild dogs. Giraffes live in herds of related females and their offspring, or bachelor herds of unrelated adult males, but they mate and can mate in large numbers. Men set up public forums “by necking”, which are times of struggle where the neck is used as a weapon. Prominent men gain access to women’s harvests, which are solely responsible for raising children.
The giraffe has attracted a variety of cultures, both ancient and modern, with its unusual appearance, and it is often portrayed in paintings, books, and cartoons. It is classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as an endangered species, and has been released from many previous sites. Giraffes are still found in many national parks and game reserves, but estimates from 2016 indicate that there are about 97,500 giraffes in the wild. More than 1,600 were kept in zoos in 2010.